50 years of Metabolic Control Analysis
Next year will be the 50th anniversary of the publication in 1973 of the papers by Kacser & Burns and Heinrich & Rapoport that led to the emergence of Metabolic Control Analysis as a distinct field. Some discussion has been under way since December 2021 about whether and how the community might mark this. A summary of the views expressed so far is available here at MCAat50 in order to open this up to more MCA researchers, past and present. The page will be updated periodically as new contributions come in.
International Study Group for Systems Biology 2022
This will be held in September; information is available on the current ISGSB site.
Stepan Fenyk, Helen K. Woodfield, Trevor B. Romsdahl, Emma J. Wallington, Ruth E. Bates, David A. Fell, Kent D. Chapman, Tony Fawcett and John L. Harwood. Overexpression of phospholipid: diacylglycerol acyltransferase in Brassica napus results in changes in lipid metabolism and oil accumulation. Biochemical Journal (2022): https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20220003
Díaz Calvo T, Tejera N, McNamara I, Langridge GC, Wain J, Poolman M, Singh D. Genome-Scale Metabolic Modelling Approach to Understand the Metabolism of the Opportunistic Human Pathogen Staphylococcus epidermidis RP62A. Metabolites. (2022); 12(2):136. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo12020136
Valeria Villanova, Dipali Singh, Julien Pagliardini, David Fell, Adeline Le Monnier, Giovanni Finazzi and Mark Poolman. Boosting Biomass Quantity and Quality by Improved Mixotrophic Culture of the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12, 411 (2021). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.642199
Noemi Tejera, Lisa Crossman, Bruce Pearson, Emily Stoakes, Fauzy Nasher, Bilal Djeghout, Mark Poolman, John Wain, Dipali Singh. Genome-scale metabolic model driven design of a defined medium for Campylobacter jejuni M1cam. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11, 1072 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01072
Thea SB Møller, Gang Liu, Hassan B Hartman, Martin H Rau, Sisse Mortensen, Kristian Thamsborg, Andreas E Johansen, Morten OA Sommer, Luca Guardabassi, Mark G Poolman, John E Olsen. Global responses to oxytetracycline treatment in tetracycline-resistant Escherichia coli. Sci Rep 10, 8438 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64995-1
Lieven, C., Beber, M.E., Olivier, B.G., Poolman M.G et al. MEMOTE for standardized genome-scale metabolic model testing. Nat Biotechnol 38, 272–276 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41587-020-0446-y
Woodfield, Helen; Fenyk, Stepan; Wallington, Emma; Bates, Ruth; Brown, Alexander; Guschina, Irina; Marillia, Elizabeth; Taylor, David; Fell, David; Harwood, John; Fawcett, Tony. Increase in lysophosphatidate acyltransferase activity in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) increases seed triacylglycerol content despite its low intrinsic flux control coefficient. New Phytologist, 224, 700-711 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16100
Rupert O. J. Norman, Thomas Millat, Sarah Schatschneider, Anne M. Henstra, Ronja Breitkopf, Bart Pander, Florence J. Annan, Pawel Piatek, Hassan B. Hartman, Mark G. Poolman, David A.Fell, Klaus Winzer, Nigel P. Minton and Charlie Hodgman. A genome-scale model of Clostridium autoethanogenum reveals optimal bioprocess conditions for .high-value chemical production from carbon monoxide. Engineering Biology, 3:32 (2019). Open Access https://doi.org/10.1049/enb.2018.5003
Pfau, Christian, Masakapalli, Poolman, Sweetlove & Ebenhoe. The intertwined metabolism during symbiotic nitrogen fixation elucidated by metabolic modelling. Nature Scientific Reports, 8:12504(2018) https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-30884-x DOI
Zia Fatma, Hassan Hartman, Mark G. Poolman, David A. Fell, Shireesh Srivastava , Tabinda Shakeela and Syed Shams Yazdani. Model-assisted metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for long chain alkane and alcohol production, Metabolic Engineering, 45, 134-141 (2018). DOI
Our group began nearly forty years ago with initial interests in computer simulation of metabolism and the theoretical analysis of metabolic control and regulation. Whilst these still remain areas of interest, we have since developed interests in modelling signal transduction, in various different approaches to network analysis of metabolism, and in reconstructing metabolic networks from genomic data. In the course of this research, we have addressed problems in microbial, plant and mammalian metabolism, often in conjunction with collaborators who have contributed experimental results.
- Our current work centres on modelling the networks of reactions in cells, with particular emphasis on metabolism. It forms part of the emerging field of Systems Biology, in that we are concerned with understanding how biological function arises from the interactions between many components, and with building predictive models. We have to develop and apply suitable theoretical tools, including metabolic control analysis, computer simulation and other forms of algebraic and numerical analysis. In addition, we are investigating how to decipher the metabolic information contained in genome sequences. We are involved in projects on microbial, plant and animal metabolism, each in collaboration with an experimental team.
- Potential applications of our work include the design of changes in cellular metabolism to improve the output of product such as antibiotics, detecting vulnerable sites in cellular networks that could be targets for drugs to control disease-causing organisms, and improved understanding of how organisms manage to adjust their metabolism in response to environmental changes and other signals.
We also used to host the following web sites related to our research, but these are currently off-line.:
- The former website of the International Study Group for Systems Biology (at ://sysbio.brookes.ac.uk)
- The website for the Metabolic Pathways Analysis series of meetings (at ://mpa.brookes.ac.uk)